…And at night I love to listen to the stars. It is like five hundred million little bells.
The Little Prince
P.S.: At the end of the Storytelling theory session, you can find a basic storytelling sample 🙂
In every culture, stories are important tools to transfer the culture and language. As you know children like them. Maybe more than “like”. They are captivated by a story while listening. While they are in this magical time, listening the story, they learn the language unconsciously! It is not about how good the story is or how logical, it is about how colorful and enchanted the illustrations are.
Do you remember your 5 or 4 ages? You didn’t know reading. But you were read too many stories by your parents. You took the book, looked at the pictures and tried to read it. Maybe you created a new story, but the cute silly one for sure. But you tried! Why you did it? Because YOU LOVE IT!
Reasons to use stories to teach a new language;
- Children love them !
- Stories hold an enormous language and culture treasure.
- Stories are motivating and fun. They are motivating and hold attention of children.
- Stories set language in a meaningful context. You can change or create a story according the words you are going to teach. Children can absorb the language subconsciously.
- They do model accuracy and fluency together.
- You can teach ethical behaviors by stories ,aside from language learning. That can help you to overcome the misbehavior in your class.
- Listening stories are is a shared social experience. They share the feelings. This builds confidence and encourages social and emotional development.
- By stories children develop their creativity.
- You can read a story again and again. They are not gonna be bored, believe me! And this encourages the language acquisition.
HOW TO PREPARE A STORYTELLING;
A) GET READY
- Read it aloud before the lesson. Try different voice and intonation which can engage attention’s of kids.
- You can add some body movement according the events and characters.
- Prepare the visuals. There can be unknown vocabularies about the story.
B) SET THE SCENE
- Be aware of the time for your story.
- Make sure your listeners are OK in their places. (They can sit in a semi-circle)
- Signal! You should use a bell or a maraca or a melody to they understand, when they hear it, it is the story time.
- By viewing the cover of the book, ask them some questions to guess what it is about, what is gonna happen.
C) WHILE READING
- Be careful about your voice. It must be clear and audible by EVERY kid.
- Don’t forget to show the pages to the children.
- Don’t be afraid to use your voice in a creative way. Stop or speed up, whisper or shout.
- Read it with all your desire and excitement.
- There can be some hard part which can be hard to be understood. Don’t be afraid to use your body language and movements.
- Dramatize! It is the perfect way to transfer the feeling and meaning to the kids. Exaggerate!
- Make eye-contact!
- After the first telling, ask some check their understandings.
- Re-read or re-tell the story.
D) AFTER THE STORY
- Quickly review what happened in the story.
- Answer questions to check their understandings.
- Do some kind of post activity (drawing the story, dramatize the story,etc.)
Here, there is a small storytelling lesson for very young learners;
ACTIVITY 1– Trace the lines. What can you see?
ACTIVTY 2– Draw two eyes, a nose, and a mouth above the line. Make a face for this egg man. His name is Humpty Dumpty.
ACTIVITY 3– Look at the pictures. Show THE KING, THE KING’s HORSES AND THE KING’S MEN.
ACTIVITY 4– Listen to the nursery rhyme and watch your teacher.
- Say the rhyme with your teacher. Act it out.
- Say the rhyme faster and faster.
ACTIVITY 6– Make Humpty puppets.
Materials: a piece of cardboard, crayons or colored pencils, scissors
1.Draw Humpt Dumpty on the cardboard.
3. Cut it.
4. Cut out the finger holes.
5. Your puppet is ready.
ACTIVITY 7– Use your puppet and say the rhyme again.
ACTIVITY 8– Coloring. Color the picture.
ACTIVITY 9– Cut the pictures. Paste them onto another paper in their right order.
ACTIVITY 10– Craft activity.
Cut and paste Put Humpty together again.
Ersöz, A. (2010). Teaching English to Young Learners. (Revised 2nd edition). Ankara: EDM Özel Eğitim Hizmetleri Yayıncılık ve Danışmanlık Tic.Ltd.Şti.
At the end of my post, I want to share a quote, which is from my favorite book;